- Excluding the lighter nuclei, the average binding energy per nucleon is 8 M eV
- The maximum binding energy occurs around atomic number 50 and represents the most stable nuclei. Iron-56 has an average binding energy of 8.8 M eV
- Nuclei with a very low mass or very high mass re unstable. They have a low binding energy.
- Nuclei with a low mass number may undergo NUCLEAR FUSION. Smaller nuclei join together to form a larger nuclei which is more stable.the product has a higher binding energy.
- Nuclei with high mass number under NUCLEAR FISSION. The nuclei split to give two daughter nuclei plus neutrons. The daughter nuclei have a higher binding energy. They are more stable.